Widespread Phrases Defined

Garment-Dyed Cotton Tracksuit in BlackT-shirt manufacturers use many terms to explain their merchandise. The terms should not at all times consistent and it helps to have a reference guide.

The following is the official Green Man T-Shirts Information to understanding t-shirt phrases:

20s, 20/1, 20s single: Unit of measurement that defines the fineness of cotton thread. A normal spool of single-ply cotton thread is comprised of 840 yards of cotton thread. If it takes 20 spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on those spools is known as 20s cotton, or 20/1. If 30 spools weigh one pound, then the thread on those spools is known as 30s cotton thread, or 30/1. If it takes forty spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on these spools is known as 40s cotton, or forty/1. The higher quantity means a finer thread, and thus a finer, softer fabric is created. T-shirts made of 30s and 40s are softer, finer, and have higher drape than t-shirts made of 20s. The terms are used many ways, however it is the quantity that counts; “20s,” “20/1,” and “20 singles” are the same. Threads will be twisted collectively into thicker strands. If two 20/1 cotton threads have been twisted together, it can be referred to as 20/2.

Bamboo Fabric: Rayon made from bamboo cellulose. Although rayon is a man-made synthetic material, most experts agree it is readily biodegradable. Bamboo fabric is extraordinarily soft and has wonderful drape.

Bamboo: Fast rising plant, labeled as a grass, which can be readily processed into rayon to make bamboo rayon clothes.

Bleach Wash: A process that makes use of bleach to soften and distress the look of the fabric being washed.

Boat Neck: A really huge neckline that runs throughout the collarbone area to the shoulder points. Derives from early sailors’ shirts, where the huge neck enabled quick elimination if the sailor fell overboard.

Boy Beater: Girls’s trend reply to the spouse beater. A girls’s tank prime, although it can be any coloration.

Brushed Cotton: A technique to take away excess lint and fibers from cotton fabric. Brushed cotton often has a really soft, easy end.

Burn-Out: A process that uses sulfuric acid or different sturdy acid to “burn-out” parts of a fabric knit, normally a polyester/cotton mix. The method gives a see-by means of, very sheer impact.

Cap Sleeves: Normally refers to shorter sleeves on women’s garments.

Carbon Dioxide: CO2. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Often known as a “greenhouse” gasoline due to its relationship with international warming. A couple of t-shirt manufacturers are actually measuring and recording the CO2 emissions concerned in manufacturing their shirts.

Carbon Belief: Independent group founded in 2001 in Nice Britain that screens carbon emissions. The Carbon Belief works with firms to assist reduce their carbon footprint, and now certifies companies and merchandise as having a “low carbon” or “no carbon” footprint. A number of t-shirt companies now manufacture “low carbon footprint” t-shirts.

Carding: A fiber cleansing process that eliminates quick fibers and removes dirt and international matter. Carding may be done by hand or by large machines utilizing drum rollers. Carded-only cotton is not as fascinating as combed cotton.

Cellulase Wash: Another title for enzyme wash. This provides fabric a smooth feel and a vintage look, depending on how the wash is done.

Cellulose: Derived from the cell partitions of certain plants. Useful in making certain sorts of fabrics, together with acetate, triacetate, and rayon. Bamboo fabric is actually rayon made from bamboo cellulose.

Low cost Cotton T-Shirt: T-shirts made with carded cotton, utilizing 18/1 thread, usually knitted on 20 gauge machines. These t-shirts are coarse, rough, and have poor drapability. Used typically as cheap promotional give-aways.

Local weather Impartial: A time period used to explain an organization, course of, or product that has zero influence on the Earth’s local weather. A few t-shirt manufacturers advertise their firm as climate neutral.

CO2: Carbon dioxide. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Generally known as a “greenhouse” gasoline because of its relationship with global warming.

Colorfastness: The power of a garment to withstand a number of washings without losing its coloration.

Combed Cotton: A technique to remove short fibers and to arrange longer fibers parallel to create a clean, high-quality cotton yarn. Combed cotton has high power, glorious uniformity, and higher hand. Combed cotton costs more and is used in finer t-shirts.

Compacting: A process that compacts the house between cotton fiber pockets. Helps to reduce shrinking.

Contrasting Stitching: Stitching with a special color than the garment. Provides a pleasant design element in t-shirts.

Control Union: An international organization that gives certification providers for a wide range of packages–including many organic certification programs. Certifies USDA Organic, in addition to GOTS (International Natural Textile Commonplace).

Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very slightly stretchy fabric with a clean flat face and a more textured however uniform back. Common weight per yard is about 5.5 to 6 ounces. Basic t-shirts are fabricated from cotton jersey. Superb cotton jersey is normally smoother and has a lighter weight per yard.

Cotton: A pure fiber that’s the most popular on the earth for fabrics. Cotton fibers are normally 闄?to 2 inches lengthy. Longer fibers produce finer cotton fabric. Varieties reminiscent of Pima and Egyptian, which feature fibers exceeding 1.5 inches, are extra highly valued than ordinary varieties.

Crew Neck: A spherical close-fitting neckline. Most common neck on t-shirts.

Crop High: A shirt with a short physique to it; made to expose the midriff area.

Double-Needle Stitched: Used totally on sleeve/bottom hems and refers to a parallel row of stitching. This sort of stitching provides sturdiness and a cleaner, extra completed look.

Drape, Drapability: Refers to how a fabric hangs. A fabric like bamboo rayon has wonderful drape, whereas a coarse fabric like burlap has very little. T-shirts that have good drape qualities really feel nicer to wear.

Drop Tail: A garment that features a longer back than entrance.

Eco-Pleasant: Extremely loose term that refers to a product’s “greenness.” Almost ineffective in realistically assessing a product. Favourite term utilized by inexperienced washers.

Egyptian Cotton: Cotton produced in Egypt and valued for its long length of fiber. Apparel made with true Egyptian cotton is prized for its softness and fineness.

Environmental Justice Basis: A registered charity established in 2000 to assist individuals who suffer most from environmental abuses corresponding to pesticide poisoning, water depletion, and soil destruction. Particularly lively in curbing abuses in cotton farming.

Enzyme Washed: A wash course of using particular enzymes to supply a delicate finish and smooth look to a fabric. Ages dyes to create a special look to dyed fabrics. Enzyme washing is physically much less harsh on the fabric compared to stone washing.

European Cut: A style of t-shirt that’s narrower than what one normally finds. For example, a full lower men’s t-shirt, dimension massive, normally runs 22 inches throughout the chest (measured one inch beneath the sleeve). A men’s large European reduce will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, generally extra.

Fabric Dyed: Fabric dyed before being cut and sewn into a finished piece of clothes.

Truthful Labor Association: A nonprofit group dedicated to ending sweatshop circumstances in factories worldwide. Works to develop Code of Labor Practices, particularly necessary within the apparel enterprise the place working circumstances have traditionally been so poor.

Truthful Wear Basis: A world group devoted to enhancing garment employees’ lives everywhere in the world. Works with firms that produce clothing and different sewn products and that take responsibility for his or her provide chain.

Effective Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very slightly stretchy fabric with a smooth flat face and a extra textured but uniform again. Fantastic cotton jersey is normally smoother and has a lighter weight per yard than regular cotton jersey. T-shirts made with effective cotton jersey have a greater drape and really feel than regular t-shirts. Normally made with 30s and higher cotton thread, and weighs about 4.3 ounces per square yard.

Fitted Cut: Definitions fluctuate, but typically a fitted minimize refers to a lower that flatters the physique. Used often in women’s t-shirts, the center section of the shirt will likely be tighter than the highest or bottom. Overall, the shirts run narrower than a primary full reduce.

Full Minimize: A generous, roomy lower. In t-shirts, tubular types are typically thought-about full-cut, but there are exceptions. Full Lower differs from the slimmer European Cuts, Slim Cuts, and Fitted Cuts.

Garment Dyed: Clothing dyed after it has been lower and sewn into a finished article of clothes.

Garment Washed: A course of where finished articles of clothes are washed, usually with added softeners to improve the feel and look of the fabric.

GMO Free: GMO stands for Genetically Modified Organisms. First used in the nineteen nineties when shoppers grew to become anxious about genetically modified meals. Many firms now apply the GMO free label on every little thing from meals to natural fabrics, like cotton.

GOTS: Stands for International Organic Textile Standard. A challenge of the Worldwide Working Group. They’ve developed standards to make sure natural status of textiles, from the harvesting, manufacturing, and labeling, in order to provide a credible assurance to the tip consumer. An natural t-shirt that meets the standards will be GOTS certified.

Green: Generic term used by advertising gurus to advertise products. Another favorite time period of “green-washers,” who’re hopping on the environmental bandwagon with none real dedication.

Inexperienced-Washing: Take off on the term “white-washing,” however in an environmental context. Companies that green-wash are paying lip-service to environmental considerations to attract more business, but haven’t taken any real steps to be environmentally responsible.

Hand: The best way a fabric feels to the contact. A fabric that feels comfortable and smooth is taken into account to have an excellent hand.

Hemp Fabric: Hemp, or Cannabis sativa, has been used for fabric for thousands of years, mostly as an industrial fabric. Newer processing strategies have made it appropriate for finer clothing, and now it is used in many clothes articles, including t-shirts. Hemp is valued for its strength and sturdiness.

Henley T-Shirt: Similar to a collarless polo shirt, a Henley is a pullover t-shirt that includes 2 or three buttons (sometimes as much as 5 buttons are used, however that’s uncommon). A Henley might be both brief or lengthy sleeved.

Ice Wash: A method of stone washing where the stones are first soaked in an answer of potassium permanganate. This technique produces a frosted look to fabric.

Interlock Knit: A type of knit that could be very gentle and has a good drape. Interlock knit stitches are tighter, more stretchy than Jersey knit, but much less stretchy than rib knit. Utilized in very advantageous garments.

Jersey Knit: Generally found in t-shirts and is probably the most durable of knits. It’s gentle weight, and has tremendous vertical ribs. The Jersey knit was named after the British Island in the English Channel. Advantageous cotton Jersey refers to Jersey Knit made with high quality cotton threads comparable to 30s and 40s.

Knit: Defines how the interlocking loops of yarn that make up fabric have been made. There are many types of knits. Jersey Knit is often found in t-shirts and is the most durable of knits. It is gentle weight, and has effective vertical ribs. Alternatively, rib knits have heavy ribs operating down the fabric, whereas interlock knits are utilized in very nice fabrics. T-shirt collars are usually rib knit.

Muscle Shirt: Sleeveless type t-shirt, however not precisely a tank top. Primary t-shirt, simply with out the sleeves. The shoulder strap portion is way wider than an atypical tank prime.

Neck Tape: A thin strip of fabric sewn over the seam operating throughout the shoulders and neck area. It covers the seam and appears higher than an exposed stitch. Sometimes called “shoulder to shoulder taped.”

OekoTek one hundred: Certification from the International Oeko-Tex® Affiliation, which assures customers that the apparel they buy is chemical free and poses no risk to their health. Under the Oeko-Tex standard, clothes must be free of formaldehyde, arsenic, lead, cadmium, and other toxic chemicals.

Natural Apparel: A time period very loosely applied within the garment industry. It can imply anything from one hundred% natural to as little as 6% natural. Typically combined with phrases like Eco-Pleasant, Green, and so on. Consumers must verify the labels and confirm the supplies used to see if one thing is really organic or not.

Organic Cotton: Cotton grown with out the usage of pesticides. Certified organic cotton has been inspected to insure it truly is organic.

Natural Soil Association: Based in 1946 by a gaggle of farmers, scientists and nutritionists concerned about the connection between farming practices and plant, animal, human, and environmental well being. The Organic Soil Affiliation pioneered the primary natural standards in 1967, and certifies farms and businesses that meet those standards.

Overdyed: A process where previously dyed garments or fabrics are dyed with a further coloration to create a unique look.

Performance T: Identify for t-shirts manufactured for athletes and outside fanatics. Efficiency Ts are characterized by their breathability, moisture wicking, fast drying, and odor management capabilities. Many efficiency Ts are polyester/cotton blends, or can also be 100% polyester. Bamboo t-shirts, due to their absorbency and wicking properties, have change into often known as efficiency t-shirts, although they do not dry as fast as efficiency t-shirts manufactured from 100% polyester.

PFD: Stands for Prepared For Dyeing. Sold this option to t-shirt customizers who need to create their very own look with dyes.

Pigment Dyed: A kind of dye that creates a washed out, distressed look.

Pima Cotton: A cotton developed within the U.S. within the early 1900s to compete with Egyptian cotton. It features longer fibers and is used usually in tremendous men’s and ladies’s shirts. The title Pima comes from the Pima Indians, who helped with the first crops of the brand new cotton as it was first grown within the U.S.

Pique: A way of knitting that creates a waffle-type, tremendous textured floor. Used usually in polo shirts.

Polyester: Man-made fiber manufactured from artificial polymers. Used extensively in apparel, particularly mixed with cotton in 50/50 blends.

Pre-Shrunk: Refers to the process of pre-shrinking fabric before it’s minimize and sewn. Often it refers to an precise completed garment that has been preshrunk. Clothes that has been preshrunk shrinks less once the purchaser washes it. Preshrunk cotton t-shirts will still shrink a bit, however, especially if dried using a clothes dryer.

Raglan T-Shirt: Model of t-shirt featuring sleeves that run directly to the collar. Normally the sleeves are a contrasting color from the physique. Raglan sleeves are wider beneath the arms, and are most popular by wearers who need maximum freedom of movement. Baseball t-shirts often function a raglan sleeve model.

Rayon: Man-made fiber that makes use of plant cellulose as its essential ingredient. Rayon could be very comfortable, has excellent drape, and may be very absorbent. Initially developed as a silk substitute.

Rib Knit: Characterized by heavy vertical ribs running down the fabric. Rib knits are often classified as 1×1, 2×1 or 2×2. This lets you already know the width of the rib compared to the house between. For example, a 1×1 rib knit or a 2×2 rib knit means the area between each rib is similar width because the ribs. However a 2×1 rib knit means the ribs are twice as huge because the spaces in between. Rib knit may be very stretchy and is usually used for t-shirt collars, cuffs, and tank tops.

Ring Spun: Refers to yarn made by twisting and thinning a rope of cotton fibers. The continuous spinning ends in a softer really feel and stronger yarn. Ring-spun t-shirts are noticeably softer to the touch.

Ringer T: A t-shirt with colored sleeve bands and matching crew neck. Most ringers are white, with the armband sleeves and crew necks in numerous colours.

Sand Wash: Refers to utilizing sand whereas washing a garment or fabric to soften and distress it.

Satin Washed: Another time period for silicone washed, which produces a very clean and delicate finish to fabric, and likewise provides the fabric good draping properties.

Scoop Neck: Large, gently curved neckline that varies in depth. Favored in women’s shirts.

Sheer Jersey: Very light weight jersey knit, weighing about three.9 ounces per yard. A little stretchier than superb jersey.

Shoulder to Shoulder Tape: A skinny strip of fabric sewn over the seam working throughout the shoulders and neck area. It covers the seam and appears better than an exposed stitch.

Shrinkage: Normally refers to cotton apparel and the amount it may be expected to shrink. Most cotton t-shirts are pre-shrunk, however 4-5% shrinkage can nonetheless be anticipated.

Side Seamed: Refers to shirts with a seam working down at each side underneath the arm sleeves to the bottom hem. Side seamed t-shirts are more expensive to manufacture.

Silicone Washed: Refers to using inert silicone in a washing course of. Produces a really smooth and tender end to fabric, and likewise offers the fabric good draping properties.

Singlet: one other time period for a men’s tank top.

Slim Minimize: A method of t-shirt that is narrower than what one usually finds. For example, a full cut men’s t-shirt, measurement large, normally runs 22 inches across the chest (measured one inch below the sleeve). A slim minimize will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, typically extra.

Stonewashed: A washing process that uses lava rocks or generally silicon and rubber balls. This methodology makes fabric softer and offers it an aged or distressed look. Typically bleach is used in this course of.

Tank Top: T-Shirt characterized by skinny shoulder straps and no sleeves. The identify came from the early time period for swimming swimming pools: swimming tanks.

Taped Seam: Not precise “tape,” however a skinny strip of fabric sewn over the seam running throughout the shoulders and neck area of t-shirts. It covers the seam and appears higher than an uncovered stitch.

Tubular Type:A mode that has no aspect seams; the body of the t-shirt is round and straight. Tubular t-shirts are inexpensive to manufacture, and make up the majority of the cheaper t-shirts.

Unisex T-Shirt: No normal definition exists for a unisex t-shirt, however typically speaking a unisex t-shirt is manufactured from lighter weight, nice cotton jersey, side seamed, and not minimize as full as an everyday men’s t-shirt. The sleeves should not further quick, like cap sleeves, however usually are not full elbow lengths either. The physique size is usually medium/lengthy. Nevertheless, there are large variations in unisex t-shirts, depending on the manufacturer.

Uzbekistan: Former U.S.S.R. satellite that grew to become independent in 1991 and is notorious for its cotton manufacturing methods, which embrace pressured baby labor and environmentally destructive practices. Ethical apparel firms boycott Uzbekistan cotton; nonetheless, many companies do not care and have refused to join within the boycott as a result of Uzbekistan cotton is low-cost.

V -Neck: Inverted triangle type of neckline. Might be deep or shallow, relying on the model. Usually favored by women, but a shallow fashion v-neck is fashionable among men.

Viscose: Usually another identify for rayon, as in viscose rayon.

Weight: Often expressed ounces per sq. yard. A 5.5 ounce weight cotton fabric signifies that one square yard will weigh 5.5 ounces. High-quality jersey cotton fabrics often have lighter weights, whereas coarser cotton fabrics have heavier weights.

Wife Beater: Derogatory term for a men’s tank high t-shirt. Often refers to a primary white tank high.

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