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Ocmulgee National Monument : Museum And Artifacts At Macon, Georgia
Updated on March 28, 2013 Randy Godwin moreDuring his lengthy lifetime, Randy has collected Native American artifacts as well as studied all about America’s first residents.
Contact Writer Ocmulgee Mound Builders
The lives and day by day routines of the now vanished civilization referred to because the Mississippian Culture, or more commonly known because the ound builders, are effectively represented in this on-site museum on the Ocmulgee Nationwide Monument in Macon Georgia.
Artifacts, such as projectile points, pottery, copper ceremonial gadgets, and different fascinating objects are on show for the history buff, or for the curious tourist or student. The great earthworks, constructed by the ancient residents over 1,000 years in the past, tell a tale of greatness and information as well as, thriller and tyranny. For this complex was a member of the Southern Demise Cult, a cult which believed in human sacrifice, not in contrast to their cousins in Mexico and the Yucatan.
They have been the bringers of the hree sisters to the southeastern part of this country. These venerated foods–maize (corn), squash(including pumpkins and gourds) and beans(a number of varieties)–had been crucial of the crops grown for sustenance of all the advanced. Together with other wild foods and wild sport, these essential crops allowed the Mississippians to attain a formidable cultural society on the bluffs overlooking the Ocmulgee River.
The Historical past of the Ocmulgee Museum Artifacts
Digging The Historical past Of The Mound Builders
Through the latter a part of the nice Depression an anthropologist from Harvard College was hired to excavate and analyze the artifacts and different items you will notice within the Ocmulgee National Monument Museum.
Even after over half a century has handed since Kelly archaeological analysis has taken place, there are nonetheless many artifacts in storage which haven been examined closely.
This testifies to the sheer variety of gadgets found within the relatively small area truly excavated through the archaeological digs on this site.
As you may see by the layout of the positioning, it covers a large space with some mounds being over half a mile from the others. Such is the case of the wonderful reconstructed Ceremonial Earth Lodge and its relation to the Temple mound in the space.
The museum nevertheless, does display some of essentially the most beautiful and intriguing of these artifacts, along with some lovely paintings and scenes depicting the on a regular basis life of these mysterious individuals.
Where they got here from and where they went continues to be beneath scrutiny, but we’re getting closer to being able to know the solutions to those questions with every passing day.
Although these ancient folks aren’t any more, their language appears to have been remembered as sure phrases, used by in the present day’s remaining tribes as soon as living in the world, have similar meanings as the identical words in certain parts of Mexico. Coincidentally, the place the place maize is thought to have originated.
Historical Searching Instruments and Projectile Factors
Looking On The Bluffs
Searching wild game was a necessary part of the Ocmulgee people food supply. Because the Paleolithic era these excessive bluffs overlooking the Ocmulgee River have been productive searching grounds.
The projectile factors within the images on the best are from that individual period. The use of an atlatl–a spear throwing stick with a stone banner weight–enabled these earliest Americans, known as the Clovis culture, to hunt the now extinct mega-fauna which once roamed the realm.
The atlatls and unique butterfly shaped banner stone weights proven listed below are typical of those used through the Paleolithic period long before the mound builders got here into this a part of the nation.
The atlatl enabled a hunter to throw the spear with much better power which was wanted for the giant animals they hunted at the time.
There also projectile factors from the Archaic and Woodland durations displayed with their unique shapes and colors from the period of the mound builders.
The smaller recreation, left after the mass extinctions of the horses, mammoths, mastodons, camels, and other mega-fauna, required smaller projectile factors and heralded the emergence of the bow and arrow as the principle hunting weapon.
The mound builders, here at Ocmulgee and at different related complexes across the nation, utilized the bow and arrow to harvest the various animals dwelling within the close by forests and river bottoms.
The factors and hunting instruments on this page are merely a small illustration of those contained in the museum at Ocmulgee. You will need to go to the museum in particular person to see all the fantastic assortment on show there
Ocmulgee Complex Pottery
Pottery Tells the Tale
The wide number of pottery and different ceramic gadgets on show inside the museum attests to the various kinds of earthenware and bowls these revolutionary individuals used in their on a regular basis lives.
One could even be in a position trace the development of pottery making over the period of time the Mississippians lived right here on the river bluff by comparing the developments made over the many years.
Some point out their origin of manufacture as being from other Mississippian complexes within the southeast. Apparently trade was widespread between such cults.
A few of the pots had been used for cooking whereas others had been made for getting ready or storing corn and other foodstuffs. The makes use of for these unique containers were many.
The particular form of the ceramic vessels fluctuate in keeping with the maker and the intended goal of the merchandise. Each of these fascinating items seems to have a character of its own.
As you can see, nice effort was made to make the pottery helpful, in addition to, pleasing to the attention. Sure motifs were used by the makers to indicate religious and other cultural beliefs and to decorate the vessel.
Pottery can inform, not only an awesome deal about the people on a regular basis lives, however how they developed their tradition throughout those historical occasions.
The examples proven right here indicate a extremely tailored society of maize producers with sufficient time left over for art and wonder of their daily lives.
The power to store foodstuffs during the chilly days of winter, and to cook the game and other crops without having to make use of heating stones dropped into the cooking vessels, vastly aided the mound builders in their day by day lives.
The museum has an excellent selection of those useful and necessary vessels on display in your examination and enjoyment.
Once more, one should see these stunning ceramic pots and bowls in particular person to totally respect them.
Objects of Ancient Intrigue
Buying and selling For Copper and Conch Shells
Besides the wonderful examples of pottery on exhibit at the museum, there are additionally exhibits of ceramic human effigies and decorative pieces made from conch shells which have been obtained by commerce from other cultures much additional south along the Atlantic and Gulf coastlines. .
Copper was additionally utilized for adorning sure gadgets primarily used for religious ceremonies by the priests and chieftains.
It was additionally obtained by trade with different Mississippian cultures located near the mountains of North Georgia and Tennessee.A few examples of these fascinating copper gadgets are exhibited in the museum.
The human effigies are especially attention-grabbing as they are made in the summary kind in many cases. However they may actually be patterned after real individuals who had excelled in battle or leadership. But we are going to maybe by no means know who these necessary figures signify.
These things symbolize only a few of the trade goods obtained from different Mississippian complexes across the Southeastern United States.
They indicate a robust community of trade between the different areas, every trading native items for those they don’t have access to in any other case.
Together with tobacco pipes and chunky stones, there are so many extra exhibits to be seen at the Ocmulgee Nationwide Monument. Make sure to visit this nice museum and mound complex if you are ever in the area of Macon Georgia. Extra articles about this site are found in the links below.
More Museum Photos by Randy Godwin
Click thumbnail to view full-size Associated Books
The Moundbuilders: Historical Peoples of Eastern North America (Historic Peoples and Places) Purchase Now Historical North America, Fourth Edition Buy Now Advanced Civilizations of Prehistoric America: The Misplaced Kingdoms of the Adena, Hopewell, Mississippians, and Anasazi Purchase Now The Mound Builders of Historic North America: 4000 Years of American Indian Artwork, Science, Engineering, margin:0px !necessary;” />The Mound-Builders (Classics Southeast Archaeology) Buy Now More Ocmulgee Mounds Related Articles
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sendingAuthorRandy Godwin 5 years ago from Southern Georgia
Thanks for the comments, Debbie! Sure, it is an superior place to go to and like you, I really feel I am going to by no means get round to seeing the entire places I’d prefer to.
Thanks in your time!
Deborah Brooks Langford 5 years ago from Brownsville,TX
what an incredible awesome hub.. I might to visit.. so many locations to go and visit.. LOL.. Have a terrific night
It is certainly a gem, GAbaptist! I can only imagine the place because it once regarded throughout its peak interval when the mounds have been used for ceremonial rituals.
Thanks for taking the time to read and touch upon this piece. I loved researching and writing it as properly as the visits I’ve made to the positioning.
GAbaptist 5 years in the past from Alaska
Randy, very nice article. I really grew up only a few miles from the Ocmulgee National Park and my parents still reside there. I have many fond reminiscences of climbing those hills and strolling the trails as a child. It really is a hidden gem that is nicely definitely worth the go to! Thanks.
Since I started accumulating Native American projectile points and artifacts at age six on the family land I have been hooked on their tradition, Wesman. This site is one among three such place in Georgia I’ve visited and plan to write down about the opposite 2 at a future date.
One cannot walk the grounds without getting a feeling of kinship with these historical individuals.
Thanks for taking the time to go to and touch upon this hub, as at all times.
Thanks a lot, Bard! It’s all very attention-grabbing to me how these individuals appeared so instantly, built the spectacular earthworks, and vanished just as quick. I hope you checked out the links to the 2 different hubs in which the earth council lodge is pictured It has the unique baked clay ground.
I actually admire your time and feedback!
Wesman Todd Shaw 5 years ago from Kaufman, Texas
Great lot of rare training to be had right here on page, and far more at the museum I’d like to see some day.
Gosh if I had it my approach I might research European history and Native American history as a dual major. Possibly some day I am going to get the possibility.
Steve Andrews 5 years ago from Lisbon, Portugal
Randy, I see what you mean and that your proof is contrary to what’s claimed by individuals calling themselves the Washitaw! I’ve voted up for this awesome hub!
I’m glad you discovered my hub attention-grabbing, dishia! These places alwys get my artistic juices flowing. Thanks for the type comments and your time.
dishia 5 years in the past from nigeria/ rivers state
thanks for taking the time to place this superb piece of labor down. i admit your piece of labor could be very informative
Thanks Alstar! Actually, the Etowah Complex near Cartersville, Georgia is the very best within the state with bigger mounds and extra archaeological analysis performed there. However this site may be very attention-grabbing too.
I still have not visited the Kolimoki site in southwestern Georgia but but plan to take action soon. Thanks as at all times for visiting and commenting on my hubs!
Alastar Packer 5 years in the past from North Carolina
Totally enjoyed and learned from this Randy, thank you. The only Mound Builder site I have been to is City Creek Mound in N.C. and although its quite interesting yours down in Ga. trumps it. Definitely a should see when in the Macon space.
@My Minds Eye–Thanks for taking a look and for score my hub up too. Yes, the Cahokia Mound at St. Louis is considered one of the most important complexes of the Mississippians.
Thanks, CM! Sure, it is laborious to do justice to the place with solely text and pictures. Just down the river there’s another mound complicated which hasn’t been properly excavated yet. A lot historical past here and very little curiosity in absolutely understanding these ancient People.
I appreciate your time and enter on my hub!
My Minds Eye53 5 years in the past from Tennessee
I’ve heard of those, they’ve similar mounds in Missouri also. Voted up.
CMHypno 5 years ago from Other Aspect of the Sun
Fascinating stuff Randy. This should have been a tremendous place when it was being occupied, and raises so many questions. I might love to go to some day and discover for myself.
AuthorRandy Godwin 5 years ago from Southern Georgia
I hope you get the chance, PCunix! I took so many pictures of the location and there was a lot fascinating historical past there I needed to make three hubs to cowl solely a part of it.
Thanks for taking a look at this one and to your feedback too! 🙂
Tony Lawrence 5 years in the past from SE MA
Thanks a lot for this. If i ever get down that method once more (uncertain, as my wife would not “journey effectively” anymore, but if I ever do), I’ll make sure to visit right here and I am going to have you ever to thank for making me conscious of it.
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